Get Current location using FusedLocationProviderClient in Android

Hello to coders,

Previously we have taught you how you get current location using GPS/Network Provider. Then android has revealed FusedLocationProviderClient under GoogleApi. FusedLocationProviderClient is for interacting with the location using fused location provider.

(NOTE : To use this feature, GPS must be turned on your device. For manually ask the user to turn on GPS, please check next article)

So let’s get started for the tutorial for getting the current location.

First, add a dependency for location by play services:

implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-location:15.0.1'

Then define FusedLocationProviderClient:

private FusedLocationProviderClient mFusedLocationClient;private TextView txtLocation;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
this.txtLocation = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.txtLocation);

mFusedLocationClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this);

};
}

Add permission in manifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />

Now ask for runtime permission for above android 6 OS devices

// check permission
if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
&& ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
// reuqest for permission

} else {
// already permission granted
}

Now, request for permission if not granted and get the result on onRequestPermissionsResult overridden method, check highlighted code below:

private int locationRequestCode = 1000;
private double wayLatitude = 0.0, wayLongitude = 0.0;
if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
&& ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION},
locationRequestCode);


} else {
// already permission granted
}
@Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
switch (requestCode) {
case 1000: {
// If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.
if (grantResults.length > 0
&& grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
mFusedLocationClient.getLastLocation().addOnSuccessListener(this, location -> {
if (location != null) {
wayLatitude = location.getLatitude();
wayLongitude = location.getLongitude();
txtLocation.setText(String.format(Locale.US, "%s -- %s", wayLatitude, wayLongitude));
}
});
} else {
Toast.makeText(this, "Permission denied", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
}
break;
}
}
}

Here, when you allow using permission for an app, it will return to onRequestPermissionsResult method. And again get the last location and print location on textview.

mFusedLocationClient.getLastLocation().addOnSuccessListener(this, location -> {
if (location != null) {
wayLatitude = location.getLatitude();
wayLongitude = location.getLongitude();
txtLocation.setText(String.format(Locale.US, "%s -- %s", wayLatitude, wayLongitude));
}
});

Above code will work if an app has already granted the location permission

// check permission
if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
&& ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
// reuqest for permission

} else {
// already permission granted
// get location here
mFusedLocationClient.getLastLocation().addOnSuccessListener(this, location -> {
if (location != null) {
wayLatitude = location.getLatitude();
wayLongitude = location.getLongitude();
txtLocation.setText(String.format(Locale.US, "%s -- %s", wayLatitude, wayLongitude));
}
});

}

Here you can notice, why we put a condition that if(location!=null) before getting latitude-longitude. The location object may be null in the following situations:

  • Location is turned off in the device settings. The result could be null even if the last location was previously retrieved because disabling location also clears the cache.

Now if in case we can’t getting location then we have an option for request location updates. Location updates will give you continuous location at any specific time interval as per your request. Let’s move on location updates.

private FusedLocationProviderClient mFusedLocationClient;
private TextView txtLocation;
private LocationRequest locationRequest;
private LocationCallback locationCallback;
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
this.txtLocation = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.txtLocation);

mFusedLocationClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this);
locationRequest = LocationRequest.create();
locationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);
locationRequest.setInterval(20 * 1000);
locationCallback = new LocationCallback() {
@Override
public void onLocationResult(LocationResult locationResult) {
if (locationResult == null) {
return;
}
for (Location location : locationResult.getLocations()) {
if (location != null) {
wayLatitude = location.getLatitude();
wayLongitude = location.getLongitude();
txtLocation.setText(String.format(Locale.US, "%s -- %s", wayLatitude, wayLongitude));
}
}
}
};
};
}

Here we definitely get the current location using this location updates. And once we get the location, we can also remove location continuous updates else you will get multiple locations updates. This will help you when you want to move the marker on the map as current location changes.

if (mFusedLocationClient != null) {
mFusedLocationClient.removeLocationUpdates(locationCallback);
}

Now you can find some methods of location request like setPriority(), setInterval() and setFastestInterval().

  • setPriority: The priority of the request is a strong hint to the LocationClient for which location sources to use. For example, PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY is more likely to use GPS, and is more likely to use WIFI & Cell tower positioning, but it also depends on many other factors (such as which sources are available) and is implementation dependent.

Find the code here.

By profession and passion : Android Developer